Cognition-Boosting ‘Smart Drugs’ Not So Smart for Healthy People

VIENNA, Austria — Prescription drugs designed to boost cognition in neurodevelopmental disorders do not increase overall cognitive performance in healthy individuals — and may even reduce productivity, new research suggests. In a randomized controlled trial, 40 healthy adults were given the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments methylphenidate or dexamphetamine or the wakefulness-promoting drug modafinil vs placebo. … Read more

Home-Based Stimulation Linked to ‘Clear Improvement’ in Adult ADHD

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) using a home-based device can help improve attention in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who are not taking stimulants, new research suggests. Results from the sham-controlled trial also showed that the tDCS treatment was both safe and well tolerated. Overall, the findings suggest that the device could be a nondrug … Read more

Adherence to ADHD Meds May Lower Unemployment Risk

Adherence to medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is linked to a significantly lower risk for illness, particularly among women, new research suggests. Investigators analyzed data for almost 13,000 working-age adults with ADHD and found ADHD medication use during the previous 2 years was associated with a 10% lower risk for long-term unemployment in the following … Read more