When Does an Elite Athlete Need Mental Health Treatment?

MAR DEL PLATA, Argentina — Many athletes get the “jitters” — a feeling of anxiety — just prior to competing. For elite athletes, whether they’re participating in an individual event or as part of a team, whether on a track, court, rink, or field, this feeling can affect performance. It is a well-known, and not … Read more

Definitions, Best Treatments Remain Elusive

NEW ORLEANS – Research into video game addiction is turning up new insights, and some treatments seem to make a difference, according to addiction psychiatry experts speaking at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association. Still, understanding remains limited amid a general lack of clarity about definitions, measurements, and the most effective treatment strategies. … Read more

Multiple Mental Health Woes? Blame It on Genetics

Different psychiatric disorders often share the same architecture, which may help explain why many genetic individuals diagnosed with one psychiatric disorder will be diagnosed with another in their lifetime, new research suggests. Investigators conducted a genetic analysis of 11 major psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. “Our findings confirm that high comorbidity across some … Read more

The Psychopathic Brain: New Insight

Structural brain differences appear to distinguish psychopaths from individuals without psychopathic traits, new research shows. Using MRI, researchers found that the striatum was about 10% larger on average in adults with psychopathic traits than in matched control persons and that this relationship was mediated by stimulation seeking and impulse. The striatum is a subcortical region … Read more

The Struggle of Treating Executive Dysfunction

Maybe you know some of these patients: they may come late or not show up at all. They may have little to say and minimize their difficulties, often because they are ashamed of how much effort it takes to meet ordinary obligations. They may struggle to complete assignments, fail classes, or lose jobs. And being … Read more

Does Noninvasive Brain Stimulation Augment CBT for Depression?

Noninvasive brain stimulation does not appear to augment cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), new research shows. Results of a multicenter, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trials showed adjunctive transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was not superior to sham-tDCS plus CBT or CBT alone. “Combining these interventions do not lead to added … Read more

Adherence to ADHD Meds May Lower Unemployment Risk

Adherence to medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is linked to a significantly lower risk for illness, particularly among women, new research suggests. Investigators analyzed data for almost 13,000 working-age adults with ADHD and found ADHD medication use during the previous 2 years was associated with a 10% lower risk for long-term unemployment in the following … Read more

Maternal Autoimmune Diseases Up Risk of Mental Illness in Children

Mental disorders were significantly more likely in children whose mothers had one of five common autoimmune diseases, a new study found. Previous research has linked both maternal and paternal autoimmune diseases and specific mental disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but most of these studies focused on specific conditions in relatively small populations. The new … Read more

ADHD Genetic Risk Probed as Biomarker for Alzheimer

The study covered in this summary was published in medrxiv.org as a preprint and has not yet been peer-reviewed. Key Takeaways Elderly patients with a high attention deficit hyperactivity disorder polygenic risk score but no clinical ADHD diagnosis are at elevated risk for progressive longitudinal cognitive deterioration. Cognitive decline was most common in people with … Read more

Alcohol Dependence Drug the Next Anti-Anxiety Med?

Disulfiram, a US Food and Drug Admiistration (FDA)–approved medication for the treatment of chronic alcohol dependence, shows promise as a potential anxiolytic, early research suggests. Japanese researchers, headed by Akiyoshi Saitoh, PhD, professor in the Department of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Science, compared the reactions of mice that received a classic anxiolytic agent (diazepam) to … Read more