Childhood Behavior Linked to Poor Economic Results in Adulthood

Children with chronically elevated externalizing symptoms, such as behavioral problems, or internalizing symptoms, such as mental health concerns, have an increased risk for poor economic and social outcomes in adulthood, data from a new study suggests. Children with comorbid externalizing and internalizing symptoms were especially vulnerable to long-term economic and social exclusion. Dr. Massimiliano Orri … Read more

ADHD Exacts Higher Mental Health Toll vs Autism in Adults

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is more predictive of poor mental health in adults than autism spectrum disorder (ASD), new research suggests. In a trait-based analysis of more than 500 adults, researchers found that ADHD traits trumped ASD traits in predicting internalizing problems. “Further research is now needed to delve deeper into understanding exactly why ADHD … Read more

More Evidence Suicidal Thoughts, Behaviors Are Genetically Based

A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (SITB) has identified significant cross-ancestry risk loci. The findings provide further evidence of a genetic basis for SITB. Dr. Allison Ashley-Koch “It’s really important for us to continue to study the genetic risk factors for suicidal behaviors so we can really understand the biology and … Read more

Noninvasive Laser Therapy Tied to Improved Short-Term Memory

Transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM), a noninvasive laser light therapy, can improve short-term memory in young adults when applied to the right prefrontal cortex (PFC) of the brain, new research suggests. Investigators compared the effect of 1064 nm of tPBM delivered over a 12-minute session to the right PFC vs three other treatment arms: delivery of the … Read more

ADHD Meds and Cardiovascular Safety: New Data

A new study provides some reassurance regarding the cardiovascular safety of medications used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A large meta-analysis showed no statistically significant association between use of stimulant or nonstimulant ADHD medications and any cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcome across age groups. However, a “modest” increase in risk could not be ruled out, especially … Read more

Struggling to Focus? Try Video Games

And that wasn’t all. The people in the study also improved their thinking skills in areas that weren’t targeted: sustained attention and working memory. It was the first evidence of the potential for therapeutic video games to target and enhance those abilities. But it wouldn’t be the last. Which brings us back to kids with … Read more

Psychiatric Burden High in Cosmetic Dermatology Patients

Patients who presented to a laser and cosmetic dermatology clinic were significantly more likely to be on a psychiatric medication and/or carry a psychiatric diagnosis, compared with those who presented to a medical dermatology clinic, results from a large retrospective analysis showed. “As the rate of cosmetic procedures continues to increase, it is crucial that … Read more

Cognition-Boosting ‘Smart Drugs’ Not So Smart for Healthy People

VIENNA, Austria — Prescription drugs designed to boost cognition in neurodevelopmental disorders do not increase overall cognitive performance in healthy individuals — and may even reduce productivity, new research suggests. In a randomized controlled trial, 40 healthy adults were given the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments methylphenidate or dexamphetamine or the wakefulness-promoting drug modafinil vs placebo. … Read more

Similar Quality of Life Reported in Diagnosed, Undiagnosed ADHD

Teens diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in childhood reported similar overall quality of life compared with teens with ADHD behaviors but no childhood diagnosis, a new study finds. The results align with findings from other studies suggesting lower quality of life (QOL) in teens with ADHD, but the current study is the first known to focus … Read more

Poor Visual Acuity Linked to Depression, Brain Structure Changes

Poor visual acuity, defined as difficulty discerning letters or numbers at a given distance, is associated with depression in middle-aged and older individuals, new research suggests. After multiple adjustments, analysis of data from more than 114,000 participants in the UK Biobank Study showed that visual impairment was linked to a 19% higher risk for depression. … Read more