Childhood Behavior Linked to Poor Economic Results in Adulthood

Children with chronically elevated externalizing symptoms, such as behavioral problems, or internalizing symptoms, such as mental health concerns, have an increased risk for poor economic and social outcomes in adulthood, data from a new study suggests. Children with comorbid externalizing and internalizing symptoms were especially vulnerable to long-term economic and social exclusion. Dr. Massimiliano Orri … Read more

Emotional Eating Tied to Risk for Diastolic Dysfunction

Eating in response to stress — known as emotional eating — was significantly associated with several markers of long-term cardiovascular damage, based on data from 1,109 individuals. “We know diet plays a huge role in cardiovascular disease, but we’ve focused a lot of work on what you eat, not on what makes you eat” — … Read more

‘Concerning’ Uptick in Pediatric Antipsychotic Prescribing

There has been a substantial increase over the last 20 years in antipsychotic prescribing among children and adolescents in England — especially among those with autism, an analysis of primary care records from 7.2 million children and adolescents aged 3-18 years shows. “This study demonstrates a trend concerning antipsychotic prescribing in children and adolescents,” study … Read more

Assessment in Primary Care Pediatrics

The assessment and diagnosis of bipolar disorder in youth has a complicated and controversial history. I recall from my child and adolescent fellowship training that there was a thinly veiled faculty argument about the diagnosis itself with strong opinions on each side. To revisit this quandary, I reviewed the most up-to-date literature and outlined a … Read more

German ‘Island’ Aids Children and Adolescents With Addiction

They come from broken homes, from youth welfare organizations, or from the street. These are the addicted children and teenagers who seek help at Germany’s “Teen Spirit Island.” Medscape spoke to the pediatric and adolescent psychiatrist Frank M. Fischer, MD, senior physician of the Addiction and Trauma Therapy Ward at the Auf der Bult Children’s … Read more

Can a Mediterranean Diet Ease Depression in Young Men?

This transcript has been edited for clarity. Drew Ramsey, MD: Welcome back everyone. I’m Dr Drew Ramsey. I’m on the editorial board with Medscape Psychiatry and I’m an assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at Columbia University. We have a special guest today. I’m here with nutritionist Jessica Bayes, who’s at the University of Technology Sydney, … Read more

Teen’s Undisclosed Dieting May Precede Anorexia Nervosa

Adolescents later diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) likely embark on the trajectory to AN with undisclosed dieting for weight loss at about age 14, a study of teens and parents found. In the interview-based study, both adolescents and their parents described a similar prediagnosis sequence of behavioral changes occurring over roughly 1 year to 18 … Read more

‘Striking’ Rate of Suicidal Thoughts in Teens With Epilepsy

NASHVILLE, Tennessee ― About 21% of teens are newly diagnosed with epilepsy experience suicidal ideation, and the percentage jumps to 31% within 3 years, new research reveals. Dr Hadley Greenwood “We hope these results inspire epileptologists and neurologists to both recognize and screen for suicide ideation and behaviors in their adolescent patients,” study investigator Hadley … Read more

ADHD Meds and Cardiovascular Safety: New Data

A new study provides some reassurance regarding the cardiovascular safety of medications used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A large meta-analysis showed no statistically significant association between use of stimulant or nonstimulant ADHD medications and any cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcome across age groups. However, a “modest” increase in risk could not be ruled out, especially … Read more

Motor Impairment Indicators Shown in Children With Autism

Brain indicators of motor impairment were distinct among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), those with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), and controls, in a new study. Previous research suggests that individuals with ASD overlap in motor impairment with those with DCD. But these two conditions may differ significantly in some areas, as children with ASD … Read more