Sleep Abnormalities Common In All Stages of Psychosis

Sleep disturbances are consistently high throughout the course of psychosis — with later stages associated with distinctive brain wave activity during sleep, a new review and meta-analysis shows. For example, compared with their healthy peers, participants in a chronic psychosis stage had reduced density, amplitude, and duration of spindles — or bursts of brainwave activity … Read more

Psychiatric Illnesses Share Common Brain Network

A network of neural connections is linked to six psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (BD), depression, addiction, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and anxiety, new research shows. Investigators used coordinate and lesion network mapping to assess whether there was a shared brain network common to multiple psychiatric disorders. In a meta-analysis of almost 200 studies encompassing more … Read more

Music Tied to Improved Mood, Less Stress During Times of Crisis

Regularly listening to music during times of crisis can significantly improve mood and relieve stress, new research suggests. In a cohort study of more than 700 adults, music listening during the COVID-19 pandemic was “prospectively associated” with lower momentary stress levels, better mood levels, and calmness–music perceived as “happy” was especially beneficial. The study corroborates … Read more

US Settlement Signals Protections for Addiction Medicine

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (AP) — A former Tennessee correctional officer will receive $160,000 in back pay and damages after he was forced to resign for taking Suboxone to treat his opioid use disorder, if a judge approves a landmark consent decree filed in federal court in Nashville on Wednesday. It is the first time the US … Read more

New Smell Tech Could Make VR Therapies More Powerful

An emerging trend in virtual reality – incorporating smell – could be exciting news not just for gaming but for health care as well. A growing number of hospitals across the country are using virtual reality to help patients manage pain, overcome phobias, and calm anxiety. Providers and patients report mostly good results, save for … Read more

Emotional Eating Tied to Risk for Diastolic Dysfunction

Eating in response to stress — known as emotional eating — was significantly associated with several markers of long-term cardiovascular damage, based on data from 1,109 individuals. “We know diet plays a huge role in cardiovascular disease, but we’ve focused a lot of work on what you eat, not on what makes you eat” — … Read more

Brain Differences Suggest Therapeutic Targets in Takotsubo

A new study has identified differences in the brain present in patients with the cardiac disorder Takotsubo syndrome vs control scans, which may lead to new therapeutic targets. Takotsubo syndrome is an acute heart failure cardiomyopathy mimicking an acute myocardial infarction (MI) in its presentation, but on investigation, no obstructive coronary disease is present. The … Read more

German ‘Island’ Aids Children and Adolescents With Addiction

They come from broken homes, from youth welfare organizations, or from the street. These are the addicted children and teenagers who seek help at Germany’s “Teen Spirit Island.” Medscape spoke to the pediatric and adolescent psychiatrist Frank M. Fischer, MD, senior physician of the Addiction and Trauma Therapy Ward at the Auf der Bult Children’s … Read more

Postconcussion Symptoms Tied to High Risk of Depression

Persistent postconcussion symptoms (PPCS) are tied to a significantly increased risk of developing subsequent depressive symptoms, new research shows. Results from a large meta-analysis that included 18 studies and more than 9,000 patients showed a fourfold higher risk of developing depressive symptoms in those with PPCS versus those without PPCS. “In this meta-analysis, experiencing PPCS … Read more

Greater Handgrip Strength Tied to Lower Risk for Depression

Weak handgrip in older adults is linked to a higher risk for depression — while a stronger handgrip may have protective benefits, new research suggests. In a study of more than 115,000 adults, there was a significant association between a stronger handgrip, up to 40 kg in men and 27 kg in women, and lower … Read more