Emotional Eating Tied to Risk for Diastolic Dysfunction

Eating in response to stress — known as emotional eating — was significantly associated with several markers of long-term cardiovascular damage, based on data from 1,109 individuals. “We know diet plays a huge role in cardiovascular disease, but we’ve focused a lot of work on what you eat, not on what makes you eat” — … Read more

Psychosocial Stress Tied to Elevated Risk for Acute Stroke

People with high stress levels have a significantly higher risk for acute stroke than their counterparts with low stress, but the risk lessens if they feel in control of work and home life, a new study suggests. The benefit was greatest among those who believed they had more control at work, compared with those whose … Read more

ADHD Meds and Cardiovascular Safety: New Data

A new study provides some reassurance regarding the cardiovascular safety of medications used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A large meta-analysis showed no statistically significant association between use of stimulant or nonstimulant ADHD medications and any cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcome across age groups. However, a “modest” increase in risk could not be ruled out, especially … Read more

Perceived Discrimination Tied to Worse Recovery After MI in Young

Perceived discrimination — unfair treatment due to their race, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or other factors — in day-to-day life was common in young myocardial infarction (MI) survivors and was associated with worse recovery, new research suggests. In this study, patients competed with three questionnaires assessing perceived discrimination, general mental and physical health, and angina-related … Read more

Childhood Adversity Tied to CVD in Early Adulthood

Children who experience adversity ― including serious family illness or death, poverty, neglect, or dysfunctional and stressful family relationships ― are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) in early adulthood, a large Danish study has found. Compared to young adults who experienced little adversity in childhood, peers who experienced high levels of childhood … Read more

Video Games Trigger Dangerous Arrhythmias in Some Children

Playing video games can produce potentially fatal arrhythmias in susceptible children, including those not known to be at risk, and war games are a potent trigger, an international case series and systematic review reveals. Nineteen patients experienced or suspected arrhythmia while playing video games, six went into cardiac arrest, and four died suddenly. “Now that … Read more

Time to Test Effects of CBD in Cardiovascular Disease?

Well-designed clinical trials to test the safety and efficacy of cannabidiol (CBD) for cardiovascular disease are needed, based on evidence from preclinical studies showing that it has anti-inflammatory effects, a new report suggests. The systematic review of nine preclinical studies found reproducible positive adverse outcomes in vivo models with CBD. Mechanisms for the findings included … Read more

AHA Guidance on Infective Endocarditis With Injection Drug Use

Prompted by the “unprecedented” increase in the occurrence of infective endocarditis cases among people who inject drug, the American Heart Association (AHA) has issued a scientific statement devoted to this challenging patient population. The statement provides a more in-depth focus on the management of infective endocarditis (IE) among this unique population than what has been … Read more

LAIAs More Effective Than Oral Antipsychotics for Schizophrenia

For patients with schizophrenia, long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIAs) are associated with a lower risk than oral antipsychotics (OAs) for disease relapse and hospitalization ― and they carry no increased risk for adverse events, new research shows. Investigators analyzed data for more than 70,000 patients with schizophrenia and found that, compared with OAs, LAIAs were associated … Read more

Social Isolation, Loneliness Tied to Death, MI, Stroke: AHA

People who are socially isolated or lonely have an increased risk for myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and death, independent of other factors, the American Heart Association (AHA) concludes in a new scientific statement. Crystal Wiley Céné “Over four decades of research has clearly demonstrated that social isolation and loneliness are both associated with adverse health … Read more