Less Than 5 Hours of Sleep a Night Linked to Chronic Illness

Individuals who are middle-aged and older and who sleep 5 hours or less a night may be at risk for an array of serious and chronic health conditions, ranging from heart disease to cancer, results of a large study show. Researchers at University College London in the United Kingdom and Université Paris Cité, France, found … Read more

One Type of Older Diabetes Drug Cuts Dementia Risk, Another Ups It

Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), such as pioglitazone, appear to be protective against dementia whereas sulfonylureas appear to increase the risk, a new observational study in patients with type 2 diabetes suggests. The data, obtained from nationwide electronic medical from the US Veterans Affairs Administration, yielded a 22% lower risk of dementia with TZD monotherapy and a 12% … Read more

Doctors Less Open to New Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

Family physicians are almost three times less likely to offer a new patient appointment to a patient with opioid use disorder (OUD), compared with a patient with diabetes, new data from Ontario, Canada suggest. In a randomized clinical trial that included almost 400 family physicians, those with more than 20 years’ experience were almost 13 … Read more

Mothers’ Diabetes Linked to ADHD in Their Children

Children born to women who develop diabetes either before or during their pregnancy could be at risk for developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, data from a large multinational cohort study appear to show. Considering more than 4.5 million mother-child pairs, it was found that children whose mothers had diabetes around the time of their pregnancy were 16% … Read more

Nutrition Gets Short Shrift in Battle Against Chronic Disease

Good nutrition is foundational to preventing chronic disease and helping people live a healthier life, and yet physicians responding to a Medscape Medical News survey said they believe that only about half of their patients would benefit from counseling on diet. In the online survey of 1005 physicians, doctors said that 55% of their patients … Read more

Treating the Growing Population of Centenarians

For about the past year, Priya Goel, MD, can be seen cruising around the island of Manhattan as she makes her way between visits to some of New York City’s most treasured residents: a small but essential group of patients born before the Empire State Building scraped the sky and the old Yankee Stadium had … Read more

Neuropathy Drives Hypoglycemia Cluelessness in T1D

Researchers published the study covered in this summary on researchsquare.com as a preprint that has not yet been peer reviewed. Key Takeaways In Japanese adults with type 1 diabetes insulin-pump treatment (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion) and higher problem-solving perception appear against protective awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH), while diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is associated with increased … Read more

Metformin Linked With Less Dementia in People With Diabetes

The study covered in this summary was published on medRxiv as a preprint and has not yet been peer reviewed. Key Takeaways Why This Matters Type 2 diabetes is a well-established risk factor for dementia and PD, suggesting that metformin might reduce the risk of these neurodegenerative diseases, but findings from prior studies have been … Read more

Metabolic Syndrome Raises Dementia Risk in Under-60s

The more components of metabolic syndrome a person has in midlife seems to raise their risk of dementia, although that relationship seems to go away after age 70, a post hoc analysis of data from a major European cohort study has found. A team of European researchers reported online in the journal Diabetes Care that … Read more

Red Flag: Suicide Risk

Dan Miller has parked his Nissan Altima on the side of the road near a field outside Chicago, holding a gun to his head. Haunted for years by the compounded trauma of tours of duty in the Middle East and his work as a police officer in Chicago, at that moment, Miller saw no reason … Read more