Nutrition Gets Short Shrift in Battle Against Chronic Disease

Good nutrition is foundational to preventing chronic disease and helping people live a healthier life, and yet physicians responding to a Medscape Medical News survey said they believe that only about half of their patients would benefit from counseling on diet. In the online survey of 1005 physicians, doctors said that 55% of their patients … Read more

Metabolic Syndrome Raises Dementia Risk in Under-60s

The more components of metabolic syndrome a person has in midlife seems to raise their risk of dementia, although that relationship seems to go away after age 70, a post hoc analysis of data from a major European cohort study has found. A team of European researchers reported online in the journal Diabetes Care that … Read more

MRI Plus Deep Learning Models Estimate Brain-Aging

The covered study in this summary was published in bioRxiv.org as a preprint and has not yet been peer reviewed. Key Takeaways Using the Layer-wise Relevance Propagation algorithm and various structural MRI modalities (T1-weighted, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery [FLAIR]and susceptibility-weighted magnitude images [SWI]), brain age can be estimated. The structural abnormalities found were changes in the … Read more

Patients’ Mental Health a Focus for Primary Care Clinicians

Is it possible to separate the heart from the mind? The answer is “no,” according to specialists who met at the 39th Congress of the State of Rio de Janeiro Society of Cardiology (SOCERJ), an event held virtually in May. During a conference on mental health, physicians and psychologists recalled that long-term data have suggested … Read more

Is Subfertility Linked With Postpartum Mental Illness?

Mothers with previous subfertility have increased risk for postpartum mental illness, compared with mothers who conceived spontaneously, according to a new study. In a population-based cohort study that examined almost 800,000 births, the adjusted relative risk (RR) for postpartum mental illness was 1.14 in women with subfertility, compared with women without reproductive assistance. The magnitude … Read more

TBI Linked to ‘Striking’ Risk for CVD, Endocrine, Brain Disorders

Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is linked to a significantly increased risk for a host of subsequent cardiovascular, endocrine, neurologic, and psychiatric disorders, new research shows. Incident of hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke, depression, and dementia all began to increase soon after the brain injury and persisted over a decade in both mild and … Read more

Exercise Provides Twice the CV Benefit in Anxiety, Depression

Meeting guideline-recommended exercise targets is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in everyone, but the benefits may be particularly clear for people with anxiety and depression, a new analysis suggests. In a study of more than 50,000 adult patients with or without CVD or risk factors who were followed for a median … Read more

Major Mental Illness Linked to Higher CVD Risk, Even in Young

Serious mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia are associated with a significant increase in cardiovascular risk, particularly among younger age groups, a new observational study suggests. Prior research has shown that people with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder die 10 to 20 years earlier than those without serious mental illness and that the leading … Read more

Resistance Exercise May Be Best Workout for a Good Night’s Sleep

A randomized trial suggests resistance exercise promotes better sleep than other workouts among inactive adults, particularly those who are poor sleepers. Angelique Brillenthin “We thought resistance exercise would be somewhere in the same neighborhood as aerobic exercise or that maybe combined exercise would be a little bit better but, no, it was consistently resistance exercise, … Read more

What Role Does Loneliness Play in Diabetes Risk?

Our individual and collective COVID experiences, now about 2 years old and counting, will undoubtedly register as one of those global events that transformed lives and outlooks. My grandparents talked about the Depression, my parents World War II, and contemporary physicians and most contemporary Americans probably will convey memories of 9/11 and COVID to our … Read more