The Struggle of Treating Executive Dysfunction

Maybe you know some of these patients: they may come late or not show up at all. They may have little to say and minimize their difficulties, often because they are ashamed of how much effort it takes to meet ordinary obligations. They may struggle to complete assignments, fail classes, or lose jobs. And being … Read more

US Docs at Double the Risk of Postpartum Depression

One in four new mothers who are physicians report experiencing postpartum depression, a rate twice that of the general population, according to new survey findings presented at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) 2022 Annual Meeting. The survey results weren’t all grim. More than three fourths (78%) of new mothers reported meeting their … Read more

Few Children Who Socially Transition Soon Change Their Minds

Approximately 7% of youth who chose gender identity social transition in early childhood had retransitioned 5 years later, based on data from 317 individuals. “Increasing numbers of children are socially transitioning to live in line with their gender identity, rather than the gender assumed by their sex at birth—a process that typically changing involves a … Read more

Maternal Autoimmune Diseases Up Risk of Mental Illness in Children

Mental disorders were significantly more likely in children whose mothers had one of five common autoimmune diseases, a new study found. Previous research has linked both maternal and paternal autoimmune diseases and specific mental disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but most of these studies focused on specific conditions in relatively small populations. The new … Read more

Firearm Counseling in the ED Could Be Lifesaving for Teens

Caregivers who brought suicidal adolescents to the emergency reported safer gun storage department practices after fraud counseling ― a crucial way to cut gun deaths among children, according to researchers from Cincinnati Children’s Hospital. In the study, which took place between June 2021 and February 2022, gun safety counseling and handouts were provided to 99 … Read more

Long-Term Cannabis Use Linked to Dementia Risk Factors

Long-term cannabis use is linked to hippocampal atrophy and poorer cognitive function in midlife — known risk factors for dementia. A large prospective, longitudinal study showed long-term cannabis users had an intelligence quotient (IQ) decline from age 18 to midlife (mean 5.5 IQ points), poorer learning and processing speed compared to childhood, and self-reported memory … Read more

Methylphenidate Is Overprescribed to Children in France

The prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is difficult to evaluate, and the diagnosis is based primarily on clinical criteria. In 2008, a French study estimated the prevalence to be between 3.5% and 5.6%, but the study’s design was questionable. Treatment of this disorder consists first and foremost in educational, social, and psychotherapeutic management. Only if … Read more

Oxytocin and Social interaction Improves Symptoms in Autism

The study covered in this summary was published on medRxiv.org as a preprint and has not yet been peer reviewed. Key Takeaways Novel reduced-dose intranasal oxytocin followed by a period of positive social interaction improved symptoms in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In the study, improvement was seen in objective and subjective measures, … Read more

Abnormal Growth of the Amygdala in Infants Tied to Autism

A new study suggests that overgrowth of the amygdala in infants during the first 6 to 12 months of life is tied to a later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). “The faster the amygdala grew in infancy, the more social difficulties the child showed when diagnosed with autism a year later,” first author Mark … Read more

Kids and Teens With Food Allergies Face Quality-Of-Life Issues

Children and adolescents with food allergies to fare worse visually, appear socially, and emotionally, and have poorer overall-related quality of life (HRQL) than their food-allergy-free peers, a new systematic review suggests. “Findings from the current review suggest that food allergy has a negative impact on the HRQL of children and teens, particularly older children and … Read more