Lipid Signature May Flag Schizophrenia

A specific lipid profile can identify patients with schizophrenia, possibly paving the way for the development of the first clinically useful diagnostic test for a severe psychiatric illness, new research suggests. Although such a test remains a long way off, the investigators said, the identification of the unique lipid signature is a critical first step. … Read more

Assessment in Primary Care Pediatrics

The assessment and diagnosis of bipolar disorder in youth has a complicated and controversial history. I recall from my child and adolescent fellowship training that there was a thinly veiled faculty argument about the diagnosis itself with strong opinions on each side. To revisit this quandary, I reviewed the most up-to-date literature and outlined a … Read more

Wake-up Call on Sleep and Cardiovascular Health

Cardiovascular health (CVH) scores that include sleep predicted CV disease risk among older US adults, supporting the American Heart Association (AHA)’s recent inclusion of sleep in its own checklist. Sleep duration is now considered “an essential component for ideal heart and brain health,” according to the AHA’s updated checklist, now called Life’s Essential 8. “Our … Read more

Nutrition Gets Short Shrift in Battle Against Chronic Disease

Good nutrition is foundational to preventing chronic disease and helping people live a healthier life, and yet physicians responding to a Medscape Medical News survey said they believe that only about half of their patients would benefit from counseling on diet. In the online survey of 1005 physicians, doctors said that 55% of their patients … Read more

Patients With Heart Failure May Need Psychological Treatment

Depression and other psychosocial risk factors can foster the onset of heart failure and exacerbate its course. The significance of this connection is often underestimated, however. A position paper by the European Association of Preventive Cardiology therefore recommends that psychosocial risk factors be more integrated into the treatment of patients with chronic heart failure. “Patients … Read more

Exercise Provides Twice the CV Benefit in Anxiety, Depression

Meeting guideline-recommended exercise targets is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in everyone, but the benefits may be particularly clear for people with anxiety and depression, a new analysis suggests. In a study of more than 50,000 adult patients with or without CVD or risk factors who were followed for a median … Read more

Major Mental Illness Linked to Higher CVD Risk, Even in Young

Serious mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia are associated with a significant increase in cardiovascular risk, particularly among younger age groups, a new observational study suggests. Prior research has shown that people with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder die 10 to 20 years earlier than those without serious mental illness and that the leading … Read more