Emotional Eating Tied to Risk for Diastolic Dysfunction

Eating in response to stress — known as emotional eating — was significantly associated with several markers of long-term cardiovascular damage, based on data from 1,109 individuals. “We know diet plays a huge role in cardiovascular disease, but we’ve focused a lot of work on what you eat, not on what makes you eat” — … Read more

Sleep Complaints in MDD Flag Risk for Other Psychiatric Disorders

Sleep complaints by patients with a major depressive episode (MDE) may be a red flag signaling a higher risk for developing other psychiatric disorders, new research suggests. Investigators studied 3-year incidence rates of psychiatric disorders in almost 3,000 patients experiencing an MDE. Results showed that having a history of difficulty falling asleep, early morning awakening, … Read more

Teen’s Undisclosed Dieting May Precede Anorexia Nervosa

Adolescents later diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) likely embark on the trajectory to AN with undisclosed dieting for weight loss at about age 14, a study of teens and parents found. In the interview-based study, both adolescents and their parents described a similar prediagnosis sequence of behavioral changes occurring over roughly 1 year to 18 … Read more

Intermittent Fasting Diet Trend Linked to Disordered Eating

Intermittent fasting (IF), defined as fasting for more than eight hours at a time, is a trend that is growing in popularity. Yet new research shows it may be linked to eating disorder (ED) behaviors. Researchers from the University of Toronto analyzed data from more than 2,700 adolescents and young adults from the Canadian Study … Read more

Poor Visual Acuity Linked to Depression, Brain Structure Changes

Poor visual acuity, defined as difficulty discerning letters or numbers at a given distance, is associated with depression in middle-aged and older individuals, new research suggests. After multiple adjustments, analysis of data from more than 114,000 participants in the UK Biobank Study showed that visual impairment was linked to a 19% higher risk for depression. … Read more

Exercise for Obese Children Can Increase Brain Function

In recent years, schools cut back on arts and physical education to make way for more instructional time. All that work and no play may be making Jack and Jill, well, dull. But new research shows that exercise can make the brain sharper. The study demonstrated that a prolonged regimen of aerobic and resistance exercises … Read more

Nutrition Gets Short Shrift in Battle Against Chronic Disease

Good nutrition is foundational to preventing chronic disease and helping people live a healthier life, and yet physicians responding to a Medscape Medical News survey said they believe that only about half of their patients would benefit from counseling on diet. In the online survey of 1005 physicians, doctors said that 55% of their patients … Read more

Local Public Health Efforts in Schools May Not Work

Efforts to prevent and curb substance use in schools through public health engagement (PHE) appear to be effective where use of cigarettes and cannabis is high but had the opposite impact in where use of alcohol and cannabis is low, according to a cross-sectional study published in the Canadian Journal of Public Health. The study … Read more

Metabolic Syndrome Raises Dementia Risk in Under-60s

The more components of metabolic syndrome a person has in midlife seems to raise their risk of dementia, although that relationship seems to go away after age 70, a post hoc analysis of data from a major European cohort study has found. A team of European researchers reported online in the journal Diabetes Care that … Read more

Antipsychotic Tied to Weight Gain, Higher Cholesterol

Increases in use of the antipsychotic risperidone (Risperdal) are associated with small dose-related increases in both weight and blood cholesterol levels, new research suggests. Investigators analyzed 1-year data for more than 400 patients who were taking risperidone and/or its metabolite paliperidone (Invega). Results showed increments of 1 mg of risperidone-equivalent doses were associated with an … Read more