Exercise for Obese Children Can Increase Brain Function

In recent years, schools cut back on arts and physical education to make way for more instructional time. All that work and no play may be making Jack and Jill, well, dull. But new research shows that exercise can make the brain sharper. The study demonstrated that a prolonged regimen of aerobic and resistance exercises … Read more

Nutrition Gets Short Shrift in Battle Against Chronic Disease

Good nutrition is foundational to preventing chronic disease and helping people live a healthier life, and yet physicians responding to a Medscape Medical News survey said they believe that only about half of their patients would benefit from counseling on diet. In the online survey of 1005 physicians, doctors said that 55% of their patients … Read more

Local Public Health Efforts in Schools May Not Work

Efforts to prevent and curb substance use in schools through public health engagement (PHE) appear to be effective where use of cigarettes and cannabis is high but had the opposite impact in where use of alcohol and cannabis is low, according to a cross-sectional study published in the Canadian Journal of Public Health. The study … Read more

Metabolic Syndrome Raises Dementia Risk in Under-60s

The more components of metabolic syndrome a person has in midlife seems to raise their risk of dementia, although that relationship seems to go away after age 70, a post hoc analysis of data from a major European cohort study has found. A team of European researchers reported online in the journal Diabetes Care that … Read more

Antipsychotic Tied to Weight Gain, Higher Cholesterol

Increases in use of the antipsychotic risperidone (Risperdal) are associated with small dose-related increases in both weight and blood cholesterol levels, new research suggests. Investigators analyzed 1-year data for more than 400 patients who were taking risperidone and/or its metabolite paliperidone (Invega). Results showed increments of 1 mg of risperidone-equivalent doses were associated with an … Read more

Early Metformin Minimizes Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain

MAR DEL PLATA, Argentina ― Psychiatrists should prescribe metformin early to patients who experience rapid weight gain after they begin taking antipsychotic drugs, according to a new evidence-based Irish guideline for the management of this common complication in adults with psychoses who are taking medications. The document was discussed during one of the sessions of … Read more

Cannabis Exposure in Pregnancy Linked With Childhood Obesity

There is a link between cannabis exposure in during pregnancy and higher fasting glucose levels and adiposity in the offspring in early childhood, a new study suggests. Research looking at the effect of prenatal exposure to cannabis on offspring is growing. It is known to affect childhood cognition and behavior; However, there is little work … Read more

Does Giving Moms Cash Make Babies Smarter?

In his first state of the Union address earlier this month, President Joe Biden broached a tax policy question that neuroscientists and pediatricians also see as a scientific one. Biden urged lawmakers to extend the Child Tax Credit “so no one has to raise a family in poverty.” Apart from the usual political and budgetary … Read more

Major Mental Illness Linked to Higher CVD Risk, Even in Young

Serious mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia are associated with a significant increase in cardiovascular risk, particularly among younger age groups, a new observational study suggests. Prior research has shown that people with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder die 10 to 20 years earlier than those without serious mental illness and that the leading … Read more