Screen All Patients for Cannabis Use Before Surgery: Guideline

If you smoke, vape, or ingest cannabis, your anesthesiologist should know before you undergo a surgical procedure, according to new medical guidelines. All patients who undergo procedures that require regional or general anesthesia should be asked if, how often, and in what forms they use the drug, according to recommendations from the American Society of … Read more

High Neuro Drug Costs Exclude Most From Cutting-Edge Tx

Because of high out-of-pocket costs of new-to-market neurologic drugs that are of similar benefit as older agents, only a small percentage of patients with neurologic disorders have access to these cutting-edge medications, new research shows. “Our study of people with neurologic conditions found fewer than 20% were being treated with new medications,” study author Brian … Read more

Higher Potency of Fentanyl Affects Addiction Treatment, Screening

As fentanyl-related overdose deaths continue to increase, clinicians should take note of the important differences that set the drug apart from the other drugs of misuse — and the troubling reality that fentanyl now contaminates most of them. “It would be fair to tell patients, if you’re buying any illegal drugs — pills, powder, liquid, … Read more

Naloxone May Fail for Overdoses Tainted With ‘Tranq,’ FDA Warns

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is alerting healthcare professionals about the special management required for opioid overdoses tainted with xylazine, an animal tranquilizer known on the street as tranq, tranq dope, sleep-cut, Philly dope, and zombie drug. The tranquilizer is often combined with fentanyl or heroin, or occasionally with a stimulant, said the … Read more

Homelessness Overrepresented in Canadian Overdose Deaths

People experiencing homelessness were overrepresented among those who died of substance-related acute toxicity in Canada in 2016 and 2017, according to a new report. Among those who were homeless at the time of their death, at least 1 in 10 were released from a correctional or healthcare institution in the month before their death. In … Read more

Air Pollution a Seizure Trigger for Patients With Epilepsy

Elevated concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) due to air pollution increases the risk of epileptic seizures, a unique new study suggests. The link between daily outdoor CO exposure and seizure risk was particularly evident for subclinical seizures ― those in patients with abnormal electroencephalography (EEG) signals but no clinical symptoms. “Our findings suggest that people … Read more

Suicide Attempts Now ‘Huge Problem’ Among Preteens

Suicide attempts spurring calls to poison control centers more than quadrupled among US children aged 10–12 years from 2000–2020, according to research published today in JAMA Pediatrics. For all children older than age 9, the proportion of suicide attempts increased as misuse or abuse of potentially poisonous substances declined. Only very young children (aged 6–9) … Read more